Footing Excavation Services

A continuous footer goes under a building’s foundation to help support the weight of the building. The footing is a wide section of concrete that spreads that weight out over a larger area than the edge of the foundation walls.

Excavating the footing is a delicate process, requiring specific widths, depth, placement, and grading. Tactical Excavating has the experience and equipment needed to expertly prepare your Clarksville site to have the footers laid.

(931) 805-5911Get A Quote

Real Reviews. Real Customers.

"Great experience working with Cam! Always delivered on what he said he was going to do and did it well. Traveled over an hour every morning and was always on time. An added bonus is he sings while he works. We will hire him again!"


"Absolutely fantastic contractor. He did an amazing job on my deck. He was always on time and very professional and nice. I was bbn out of town for part of the project and he sent me pictures and made sure I knew the progress. I will definitely use Cam for future projects!"

Shannon C.

"They assisted my grandmother with building
a deck and did a phenomenal job! Extremely professional and completed the job in a timely manner. Would highly recommend them!"

Whitney Y.

"You can count on Cam to get the project done right. He his talented, professional, and takes pride in his work."

John J.
Customer Reviews in Clarksville, Tn
Clarksville Footer Excavation Services

Understanding Footing Depths

Part of what footings offer is protection against foundation heaving. This happens when the ground freezes and thaws, which causes expansion and contraction of the moisture in the soil.

To avoid this, a building’s footings must be below the thaw line, which is roughly 12 inches in Tennessee. According to the Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance, the bottom of the footer must be at least 12 inches deep. This is the minimum depth, but some contractors may choose to go deeper, depending on the project requirements.

(931) 805-5911Get A Quote

Why Choose Tactical Excavating?

Preparing For Footer Excavation

It’s always a good idea to map out what you need done before anyone buries a shovel or starts the excavation machine. As for footings, it’s very common to spray paint the limits of the foundation on the ground.

In addition to spray paint, there will commonly be one of two other kinds of markers used. For basic rectangular buildings, the excavation crew may set out the markers. These will commonly include tape measures, strings, and stakes, called batter.

If the building’s shape is geometrically more complex, a survey crew will map out the footing. The surveying crew will indicate the edges of the building with offset stakes, which are usually placed 4 or 5 feet out from the edge of the building at all the corners. They’ll also place them at intervals specified by Tactical Excavating between the corner stakes. This gives the excavation crew a very specific outline of where the footing should be located.

Understanding Different Soil Types:

The kind of soil you’re excavating has a major impact on the excavation process. Cohesive soil like clay or silt is easy to excavate, using earth formed footers. This basically means there’s nothing additional needed to hold the form of the footing within the trench.

However, if you’re working in a non-cohesive soil, you’ll need something more to help keep the shape. These soils include sand and gravel, among others. To get a solid footer laid, you’ll need a lumber or steel form inside the trench to hold the concrete while the footing cures.

Excavating With The Footing Crew In Mind:

The footing trench must be accurately placed; however, it does not have to be precisely placed to the tenth of an inch. The concrete footing must be precise, but not the footing trench.

Rather, depending on the form being used, the trench needs to be wide enough for the footing crew to effectively work. This is why the excavation crew may over excavate a footing trench, ensuring the footing crew has enough room to work while also achieving the minimum footing width.

Depending on the depth of the footing trench, the crew may have to bench the trench to keep it safe for workers. This is basically creating incremental steps down to the right depth. This keeps the soil from collapsing in as workers set the form and pour the footing concrete. It’s important for the footing and excavation crews to stay in close communication throughout the excavation process to ensure the trench meets all of their needs and the safety requirements mandated by OSHA, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Excavating Crew:

A professional excavation crew will consist of at least two people, the excavating operator and a laborer. The laborer acts as the second set of eyes for the operator, helping guide the machine’s movement, keep others clear of the area, and ensure the trench is following the guides. One key component of their job is checking the vertical grade for the operator with a story pole.

Depending on the size and depth of the project, the spoils, or dirt removed from the trench, may be removed immediately. If it’s not being kept for backfill, the crew will also need one or more trucks to haul it away.

Make sure your site is thoroughly prepared for your building’s footers. Tactical Excavating brings expertise with a client-focused approach to all of our projects. Call to schedule your on-site consultation and estimate today.

Veteran Owned & Operated

Schedule an Appointment Today!

Whether you live in Clarksville, TN or somewhere close by (within 75 miles) stop dreaming and start building. Our clients are our number one priority, and we will go the extra mile to make sure your project is one you will be proud of for years to come. Give us a call to see how we can make your home improvement vision a reality.